Climate-Smart Agriculture in Senegal

Climate-Smart Agriculture in Senegal

The climate-smart agriculture (CSA) concept reflects an ambition to improve the integration of agriculture development and climate responsiveness. It aims to achieve food security and broader development goals under a changing climate and increasing food demand.

The agriculture and livestock sector is Senegal’s main economic activity, representing approximately 17% of the gross domestic product (GDP) and employing 70% of the population. Yet, a combination of poor soil and weather conditions, a lack of infrastructure and access to quality seeds and fertilizer have left the sector underdeveloped and unable to meet the food requirements of the growing population. This has resulted in a heavy reliance on food imports, especially rice, which is the population’s main staple crop with imports accounting for 65% of the national consumption.

Climate-smart agriculture (CSA) considerations:

  • Senegal’s economic growth strategy identifies agriculture as the key driver for poverty reduction and enhancement of food security in the country. Development plans for the agriculture sector need to account for the implications on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, particularly for the expansion of rice cultivation and livestock production
  • livestock represents a major source of GHG emissions, and there exist opportunities for enhancing pasture management and integrating vegetation to reduce emissions and improve land management practices
  • the use of climate information has become integral to farmers’ decision-making and farming practices
  • access to finance is limited for smallholder farmers and represents a significant barrier to adopting CSA practices
  • climate index insurance is increasingly being adopted by smallholders in the millet, rainfed rice, maize and groundnut sectors, thanks to a 50% subsidy by the government and innovative payment schemes of integrating the cost of the premiums in the credit lent out to farmers for the purchase of inputs
  • mobilizing private sector involvement in smallholder value chains opens the opportunity to generate sources of revenue and contribute to scaling out CSA in the country
  • international funds have been accessed for climate change adaptation and food security, which can be linked to support the adoption of CSA practices
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