A gender-responsive approach to climate-smart agriculture: evidence and guidance for practitioners

A gender-responsive approach to climate-smart agriculture: evidence and guidance for practitioners

The gender gap in agriculture is a pattern, documented worldwide, in which women in agriculture have less access to productive resources, financial capital and to advisory services compared to men (FAO, 2011). In the context of Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA), this gap means that men and women are not starting off on a level playing field. While gender shapes both men’s and women’s lives, the tendency is for women to have a more disadvantaged position in comparison to men. This can have significant implications for the adoption and sustainability of practices under a CSA approach. Further, there is a risk that, if this gap is not taken into consideration, the development of site-specific CSA options could reinforce existing inequalities.

The aim of this brief is to explain how to take into account the gender gap in agriculture in the development of site-specific CSA-sensitive practices, such as those described in other briefs in this series, through the adoption of a gender-responsive approach. This approach means that the particular needs, priorities, and realities of men and women need to be recognized and adequately addressed in the design and application of CSA so that both men and women can equally benefit.

Key messages:

  • The gender gap in agriculture affects how men and women access and benefit from CSA
  • a gender-responsive approach to CSA addresses this gap by recognizing the specific needs and capabilities of women and men
  • site-specific CSA practices that are also gender-responsive can lead to
    improvements in the lives of smallholder farmers, fishers and foresters, as well as more sustainable results

 

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