Increasing resilience to droughts in Viet Nam: the role of forests, agroforestry, and climate smart agriculture

Increasing resilience to droughts in Viet Nam: the role of forests, agroforestry, and climate smart agriculture

The 2015-16 drought is the most severe that Viet Nam has experienced in at least 90 years. In the Central Highlands, South Central Coast, and Mekong Delta regions, 18 provinces have declared a state of emergency and 22 provinces have been seriously affected. Future projections indicate that the affected regions will be exposed to longer and possibly more frequent drought conditions and flooding due to climate change.
 
Natural forests provide ecosystem services that mitigate the impacts of droughts and floods. However, natural forest
area has reduced drastically in recent decades due to competing land use pressures, primarily from agriculture.
Increase in monoculture production in Viet Nam has made landscapes more vulnerable to climate change. Agroforestry, along with other climate smart agriculture practices can contribute to increasing farmers’ incomes, improving watersheds, and protecting against agricultural drought and flood impacts.
 
Key messages from this paper:
  • targeted incentives are required to invest in climate smart agriculture (CSA) practices, including agroforestry, as well as to protect and regenerate natural forests. This will support farming households affected by droughts to recover as well as increase medium-and long-term agricultural and rural landscape resilience
  • policy-makers are urged to address barriers that prevent rural communities and farmers from adopting drought resilient practices (i.e. access to drought-resistant varieties, lack of information, financial capital, and risk management tools)
  • achieving long-term objectives for landscape resilience requires addressing farmers’ more short-term, immediate needs and strengthening existing capacities in monitoring land-use change
  • public-private partnerships and inter-sectoral dialogue and planning are key factors of success
 
 
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