Typologies of Loss and Damage and associated actions

Typologies of Loss and Damage and associated actions

Loss and Damage (L&D) has emerged as a key area in international climate policy with actions to address L&D being developed under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

Developing this policy and related actions is relevant to a wide range of stakeholders who express a range of perspectives on L&D. In support of these developments, this policy brief presents typologies of L&D to increase awareness of these perspectives and actions associated with them.

The typologies result from an in depth social science research study including interviews with approximately 40 key stakeholders. The brief has been revised following very helpful discussions at the third meeting of the Executive Committee (ExCom) of the Warsaw International Mechanism (WIM) for loss and damage associated with climate change impacts.
 
Key Messages:
  • perspectives on L&D vary in terms of the distinction between L&D and adaptation, the emphasis on climate change, the relative focus on preventing L&D versus actions to address L&D once it has occurred, the role of finance, and the emphasis on justice
  • there is a spectrum of viewpoints on L&D, from the perspective that L&D can be dealt with through mitigation and adaptation; to an emphasis on new approaches to address unavoidable harm to vulnerable countries, as illustrated below
  • the WIM includes elements of many of these typologies and demonstrates a process of building political consensus across a range of perspectives on L&D. The typologies may nevertheless be useful to provide clarity for research and practice
  1. How good is this research?

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