The decline of Lahawin pastoralism: Kassala Province, eastern Sudan

The decline of Lahawin pastoralism: Kassala Province, eastern Sudan

The prospects for pastoralism in Sudan are bleak

This article investigates the encroachment on pastoralist grazing land in Sudan (as a result of the mechanised farming in the Sudan). The article finds that:

  • the Lahawin pastoralists have been forcibly resettled in areas where the resources for subsistence agriculture does not exist
  • the Lahawin voice considerable insecurities
  • pastoralists have been obliged to become impoverished rural wage-labourers
  • drought has led ex-pastoralists to give up home of buidling up new herds
  • althought certain Lahawin pastoralists appear superficially to be rich, the long term viability of pastoralism is very questionable
  • pastoralism may take the route of increasing monetisation
  • the extension of mechanised rainfed farming is not inexorable
  • the prospects for pastoralism are bleak

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