Ecologically-based participatory implementation of integrated pest management and agroforestry in Nicaragua and central America

Ecologically-based participatory implementation of integrated pest management and agroforestry in Nicaragua and central America

Pest management and agroforestry programs in Nicaragua and central America

This report details the implementation of an integrated pest management and agroforestry (IPM-AF) program, developed in response to the weakening of the extension function within national agricultural systems in Nicaragua and Central America. The author notes that the IPM-AF program has contributed to a reorientation of the prevailing linear transfer-of-technology model in favour of a more holistic approach that supports innovation as a process involving multiple actors.

The report finds that the program has successfully strengthened capacities in rural families to maintain and spread IPM-AF approaches, however, the extent to which this will happen after the Program ends will depend on the level of local organisation and the support of key institutions.

The author stresses that after the program ends, it is critical that a certain level of follow-up is maintained with farm families who have been involved in order to maintain and reinforce the ecological reasoning, to support the ongoing processes of experimentation and analysis and further diffusion of these.

The report makes a number of recommendations, including:

  • continued support of the networks is required to provide future facilitation, motivation and social glue
  • NORAD should consider continued funding or leveraging support from and other donors in cooperation with the governments
  • in designing future outreach programs, the IPM-AF program headquaters should pay much more attention to issues such as consolidation and nationalization of capacity
  • future initiatives should invest more in developing effective strategies for working with national and local decision-makers
  • more needs to be done to develop national policies favourable to IPM, organic and ecological agriculture and to harmonize program initiatives in the agricultural sector in Nicaragua and the other central American countries
  • gender needs to be incorporated more broadly in follow-up initiatives.

[adapted from author]

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