Building the resilience of nations and communities to disasters: Hyogo framework for action 2005-2015

Building the resilience of nations and communities to disasters: Hyogo framework for action 2005-2015

United Nations declaration on disaster reduction

This paper presents the draft declaration from the United Nations World Conference on Disaster Reduction, held from 18-22 January 2005 in Kobe City, Japan. The draft declaration agreed by all conference participants - known as the Hyogo Declaration - is in particular response to the tsunami disaster in the Indian Ocean on 26 December 2004.

The main points of the declaration include:

  • we will build upon relevant international commitments and frameworks, as well as internationally agreed development goals, including those contained in the Millennium Declaration, to strengthen global disaster reduction activities for the twenty-first century
  • we recognise the intrinsic relationship between disaster reduction, sustainable development and poverty eradication; and the importance of involving all stakeholders, including governments, regional and international organizations and financial institutions, civil society, including non-governmental organizations and volunteers, the private sector and the scientific community
  • we affirm that states have the primary responsibility to protect the people and property on their territory from hazards, and thus, it is vital to give high priority to disaster risk reduction in national policy, consistent with their capacities and resources available to them
  • we adopt the Hyogo framework for Action 2005-2015 with its expected outcome, strategic goals, and priorities for action, as well as implementation strategies and associated follow-up, as a guiding framework for the next decade on disaster reduction.

The participants called for action from all stakeholders throughout the world, seeking the contributions of those with relevant specific competences and experiences.

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