Prospects for peace in Sudan: the road ahead

Prospects for peace in Sudan: the road ahead

The future of Sudan

This speech by the Norwegian Minister of International Development, Hilde F. Johnson, explores the prospects for peace in Sudan.

The Minister highlights the following points:

  • the crisis in Sudan is a national crisis, rooted in a classic centre-periphery conflict over the distribution of power and wealth in a poor and underdeveloped country
  • the Naivasha agreement is a big step forward, which now needs to be applied to other regions in the country as well and the sustainability of the peace agreement will depend on this
  • solutions of the agreement should serve as a blueprint for all the disenfranchised areas of the country, not least Darfur
  • other political parties and forces in Sudan need to be included in the constitutional process and the new government of national unity, in order to make the Peace Agreement truly national
  • the national coalition government and the Southern regional government will have to prove that they can and will deliver basic services to the population
  • but the Sudanese people cannot succeed in building peace in their country without international backing. The devastation of the war, the widespread poverty, and the international implications of the conflict make peace in Sudan a joint challenge and a joint responsibility
  • the mandate of the UN mission monitoring the cease-fire (UNMIS) has yet to be agreed upon and formalised by the Security Council, but UNMIS must be deployed as soon as possible
  • the international community must come up with the resources necessary to bring peace and progress to all of Sudan.
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