Crossing borders: an empirical study of transnational prostitution and trafficking in human beings

Crossing borders: an empirical study of transnational prostitution and trafficking in human beings

Trafficking of women to Norway

This report looks at the recruitment into prostitution in Norway of foreign women, focusing on the processes which led to their recruitment, the role of enforcement, exploitation and trafficking, and how women found their way out again.

The report argues that exploitation may take on different forms, and it is not always clear where a line can be drawn between trafficking and voluntary prostitution.

The study’s findings include:

  • not only poverty can explain why trafficking takes place – other reasons include that women decide to enter prostitution, or to travel abroad in search of opportunities, usually in response to an acute crisis
  • having relevant information is one of the main resources that enable women to avoid, or escape, a situation of exploitation
  • identifying trafficking demands the establishment of trust
  • routines for reception or first contact with women, offering psychological assistance or contact with social workers, security considerations and information are vital in order to establish trust.