F. Bivens, G. Black, A. Hartnack, M. Waltz, J. Wheeler / Institute of Development Studies UK, 2017
Accountability is a complex issue in South Africa. The country has high levels of inequality, and marginalised groups struggle to make themselves heard by those in power. Yet the issue is further complicated by an interacting set of factors, including the legacy of apartheid, gender and religious issues, and the lack of access to those in power.
J. Lamond, K. B. Awuah, E. Lewis / University of the West of England, 2015
In the face of rapid urbanisation, the issues of inadequate planning, governance, and management in Nigeria is well known, and the combination of customary and colonial practices, outdated policies and plans, and entrenched attitudes make solutions hard to come by.
P. Pozarny / GSDRC Applied Knowledge Services, 2016
Women are becoming the majority in urban areas, and many more people now live in female-headed households, representing a significant shift in gender roles and relations. This GSDRC helpdesk research report examines the literature to tell us about different gender roles and opportunities for women in urban environments, compared to rural.
F. Feruglio, N. Lestari, E. Bell, K. Brock / Institute of Development Studies UK, 2017
Barriers to young (especially unmarried) women’s participation in public spaces include the prevailing view that doing so violates social norms, young women’s often low level of education, and family expectations. Many young women have internalised their marginalisation and lack the confidence to participate in community forums.
T. Hrynick, L. Waldman / Institute of Development Studies UK, 2017
Information and communication technologies (ICTs) and mHealth innovations hold great potential to improve health systems and health outcomes while at the same time enhancing citizen engagement and accountability. Yet there has been little assessment of the impact of mHealth innovations on the ground.