Environmental guidelines for small-scale activities in Africa: environmentally sound design for planning and implementing humanitarian and development activities

Environmental guidelines for small-scale activities in Africa: environmentally sound design for planning and implementing humanitarian and development activities

The guidelines aim to provide PVOs and NGOs, and other recipients of USAID grants, a tool for activity design, implementation and monitoring. The focus is on smaller-scale field activities. While intended primarily for use by experienced staff of PVOs and NGOs who engage in development and humanitarian activities in Africa, the document may also prove a useful reference tool for USAID field staff and other collaborators.

Presented are 18 diverse but interrelated sectors as agriculture, agroforestry, livestock, ecotourism, energy, water supply and sanitation, resettlement, and integrated conservation and development. Several new thrusts are represented, such as “Food Aid, Humanitarian Relief and the Environment.” For each sector, key questions and suggested actions are included to help resource planners during discussions of strategies for alternative activity design and mitigation. Also addressed in a compact fashion are the principles and practices of environmental assessment, including a synoptic overview of the pertinent USAID environmental procedures and strategies and regulatory documents. [author]

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