Household food security and the role of women: IFAD's experience in Guatemala

Household food security and the role of women: IFAD's experience in Guatemala

Integrating women into income generating activities in Guatemala

This paper reviews IFAD's activities in Guatemala and analyses their effects on household food security (HFS)and the status of women. It also develops and discusses an indicator of household vulnerability to food insecurity, based on a detailed analysis of IFAD project data.

The study constructs a composite indicator of household vulnerability to food insecurity and makes a makes a series of recommendations amongst which:

  • the promotion of direct food-related measures may be necessary to ensure food-related projects meet the nutrition security objectives of different groups within communities
  • food-related projects must emphasize instrumentalities geared towards reducing risk, providing insurance against food entitlement failure and promoting food access
  • projects should promote instrumentalities that enable poor households to capture more of the value-added they generate (e.g.promoting income generating activities)
  • projects must make efforts to integrate women into income-generating activities but remain aware of the potential externalities on food and nutrition security caused by the reallocation of intrahousehold resources
  • projects must give priority to activities with greater synergies (e.g. using loans to increase animal stocks)
  • projects must be catalysts in the promotion of instruments that enhance nutrition security, through collaboration with other specialized agencies

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