Implications of the Uruguay Round Agreement on Tanzania's development

Implications of the Uruguay Round Agreement on Tanzania's development

How does the Uruguay Round agreement effect Tanzania's development prospects?

This policy document provides an assessment of key aspects of the Uruguay Round of direct relevance to Tanzania.

Policy recommendations:

  • Improve the international competitiveness and level of productivity of goods and services
  • Ensure greater government involvement in economic management without interfering with the rules of the market
  • Develop inter-linkages within regional and sub-regional economic blocks embracing production sectors and expansion of trade in raw materials, intermediate goods, finished products and wide range of services
  • Seek increased aid from the developed countries to be devoted exclusively to economic restructuring and improvement of infrastructure, productivity and competitiveness
  • Seek increased aid from the developing countries to be devoted exclusively to economic restructuring and improvement of infrastructure, productivity and competiveness
  • Urgently address the reduction of net food imports and promote domestic food production . Extend livestock and fishery as part of the overall food security strategy
  • Adopt improved arrangements for stockpiling surplus food and better management of water resources
  • Ensure that the business community and other economic actors have a good understanding of the substance of the Uruguay Round of Agreements and assist them to take full advantage of the opportunities, which the Agreements provide, and to minimise the negative effects
  • Provide a framework for strengthening national capacities for the implementation of the Uruguay Round of Agreements
  • Adapt national legislations to make them conform with the requirements of the Uruguay Round and WTO agreements
  • Organise advisory missions and training programmes on the use of the Dispute Settlement Mechanism
  • Promote an African collective endeavour on obtaining further improvements in the GSP schemes in favour of products of particular export interest to Africa
  • Explore within the regional and sub-regional economic grouping the growing export opportunities particularly with respect to geographical diversification of trade towards South East Asia and Latin America
  • Exploit new market opportunities in traditional agricultural sectors as well as processing industries
  • With the phasing out of the Most Favoured Nation Status, develop strategies to bolster exports of textiles and clothing through popularisation of traditional African designs based on African arts and patters
  • Increase the competitiveness of domestic services to cope with increased foreign competition in the provision of services for the domestic market and increase participation in the export of tourism and computer services
  • Encourage regionalism
  • Aim to remove all tariff barriers on goods of of regional and sub-regional origin entering intra-regional and intra-sub-regional trade in the shortest period of time possible
  • Improve infrastructure, particularly transport and communications, water and power supplies, create bigger sub-regional markets and co-ordinate macro-economic policies over a larger integrated market as the basis for seriously attracting direct foreign investment
  • Accelerate the pace of economic growth and structural change and create an improved and stable macro-economic framework
  • Build-up and strengthen capacity in the field of science and technology and formulate effective policies for education and training in science and technology for development
  • Revamp and expand facilities for human resource development with particular attention to the needs of industry