Raising production levels and alleviating poverty in Tanzania's rural areas: challenges of rural transformation

Raising production levels and alleviating poverty in Tanzania's rural areas: challenges of rural transformation

Technological transformation and rural industrialisation: a must in promoting agricultural productivity and non-farm employment

This article suggests that the crucial impetus for promoting agricultural productivity and non-farm employment, in Tanzania, would have to come from a technological transformation of the agricultural sector and rural industrialisation.

Policies and strategies to be adopted, in this context:

  • Improve the linkage between policy formulation and policy execution
  • Establish the minimum critical mass in rural transformation which has to be reached in order to have a harmonious interaction between employment, growth, mass participation and satisfaction of basic needs
  • Review the likely sources of income in the rural sector of the economy with a view to finding out what are non-farm activities
  • Review and improve gender relations so as to realise the full potential of women in rural and agricultural transformation. Abrogate all customs and customary laws which discriminate against women
  • Establish marketing networks which link all the regions
  • Improve agricultural research and linkage between research and extension services
  • Establish an enabling environment to attract people and private sector to invest in non-farm activities
  • Carry out an analysis of rural markets and determine their contribution to capital accumulation in rural areas
  • Provide rural infrastructure for supporting both the development of agricultural and non-agricultural activities
  • Improve social service delivery
  • Encourage and support state organs, co-operatives and non-governmental organisations and community-based organisations to educate the rural people on new knowledge and practices related to effective rural transformation
  • Broaden the scope and improve the effectiveness of income generation programmes
  • Deploy to rural areas appropriately trained personnel, particularly in the fields of agricultural and rural industry extension services
  • Strengthen and empower local government to take leadership in bringing about rural transformation and ensure that local people are fully involved in planning and implementation of development programmes
  • Undertake comprehensive assessments of the impacts, effectiveness and sustainability of policy actions impinging on agriculture and rural transformation
  • Get the government and other development agencies to involve the people in rural areas in the determination of the kind of technologies and practices best suited for increasing economic productivity in rural areas. Such agencies should ideally be located in rural areas for optimum effectiveness
  • Strengthening the links between rural industries and the rural economy
  • Introduce appropriate rural-based systems for processing and marketing of dairy products and edible oils
  • Introduce biotechnology in the improvement of high yield seeds
  • Forumulate an employment and incomes policy to promote agriculture and non-farm activities
  • Execute massive rural public works programmes for constructing durable community assets
  • Promote the growth of small rural towns which stimulate demand for consumer goods
  • Provide technical assistance to rural industries and train rural industrialists in entrepreneurship and marketing
  • Ensure the legal titles to land are provided to peasants
  • Study the sociological and cultural behaviour of peasants in order to design more effective mobilisation and conscientisation strategies for imparting change of attitudes. Specificially, sensitise peasants' utilisation of better technologies and crop patterns
  • Review the impact of the Uruguay Round Agreement on agricultural development. Adopt appropriate policies
  • Improve co-ordination of donor support. Ownership of the programmes by local communities in rural areas is critical


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