A framework for a national irrigation policy and the economic and social implications for future irrigation development programmes in Tanzania

A framework for a national irrigation policy and the economic and social implications for future irrigation development programmes in Tanzania

Policy recommendations and strategies for improving the Tanzanian irrigation sector

This article addresses the importance on increasing the acreage of land under irrigation within Tanzania, in order to increase food output, poverty reduction and exports.Policy recommendations within the irrigation sub-sector:

  • Sensitise policy-makers and stakeholders on the importance of irrigation
  • Establish an autonomous National Irrigation Council
  • Establish a National Irrigation Research Unit, which should ultimately become a data bank on irrigation activities
  • Form water users' associations or irrigation co-operative societies to manage irrigation schemes
  • Involve the stakeholders at all stages of irrigation project development and implementation
  • Contract out major irrigation construction works to the private sector
  • Strengthen the irrigation development supervisory capacity through specialised training and motivation of irrigation personnel
  • Channel all external donor funds for irrigation projects to a "National Irrigation Fund" rather than to or through the Treasury in order to create a better framework for accountability
  • Promote individual bore hole pump systems including the domestic manufacture of affordable water pump generating sets for irrigation purposes
  • Introduce water service charges as a way of mobilising internal financial resources for financing irrigation schemes
  • Enact laws which will enable individual to own land in order to enhance the productivity of land and of water utilisation for irrigation
  • Speed up rural electrification to drive irrigation schemes
  • Promote self-help schemes in ground water development to provide reliable water supplies for irrigation
  • Improve rural roads in order to ameliorate accessibility of irrigators
  • Restructure and privatise irrigation systems presently under public sector ownership and ownership
  • Empower women to own land and to form their own farmers' organisations in rural areas
  • Define more clearly the role of Donor Agencies and NGOs in the irrigation sub-sector
  • Promote farmers' associations in production, distribution and financial activities in rural areas

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