Foodgrain marketing and food distribution system in relation to achieving food security in Bangladesh

Foodgrain marketing and food distribution system in relation to achieving food security in Bangladesh

50% of households can not meet their food requirements from their own sources, nor can they buy the required amount of food.

The study's objectives were:

  • Assessing the availability and quantity of foodgrains in the selected markets in three districts
  • Assessing the temporal and locational variation of prices of foodgrains at different markets (primary, assembly and secondary markets)
  • Understanding the foodgrain marketing systems (the nature and level of integration among the markets);
  • Investigating the food consumption patterns, buying capacity and household food deficit, particularly of the poor and marginal groups
  • Examining the food distribution systems of the government and the institutional bottlenecks that create barriers to achieving food security in Bangladesh
  • To find out ways and means that may help reformulating policies to initiate further programmes and activities at different levels of decision making for achieving food security in the country

It found that Bangladesh has made much improvement in production of foodgrain in recent years but that the majority of the population suffer from food insecurity due to lack of entitlement. It found that government measures have gone some way to helping poor and vulnerable households move toward food security particularly the Public Food Distribution System (PFDS). However of the households studyed about 50 percent could not meet their total requirements either from their own sources, nor they could buy the required amount of food.

The respondents and the stakeholders of all categories (farmers, traders, poor, women,representatives of the local government and community leaders) recommended the following:

  • stabilizing the price of food in the market and continued supply of foodgrains in the rural markets are the best options for increasing household food security
  • improving PFDS (procurement for LSD and distribution of food items) by making it efficient and effective
  • increasing household income through productive employment generation and enhancing their purchasing capacity.
  • modernizing agriculture and increasing the productivity of the sector through continued supply of agri-input such irrigation devise, fertilizer, pesticide, fuel etc
  • improving rural communication for better transportation of goods and that would certainly benefit the locality as well as the community

Summary report of a study undertaken by the Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council (BARC)