Gender, households, and markets: inherited land and labour force participation of rural household in the Cordillera Region, Philippines

Gender, households, and markets: inherited land and labour force participation of rural household in the Cordillera Region, Philippines

A critique of the unitary view of the household in the Philippines

The unitary view of the household can easily overlook the importance of the household, the family or domestic sphere as an arena where gender relations play a critical role.

A collective approach to the household, on the other hand, enables gender relations to become a constituent part of household analysis. An account can be made of the differences and similarities between husbands and wives with special attention given to the resources that spouses have access to, control or own.

In the context of a farm household, the authors perform an empirical test of the unitary model. The key variable in this test is the amount of inherited land of husbands and wives. The evidence from a probit regression allows the rejection of the income-pooling hypothesis of a unitary model of the household.

Through the collective approach, teh author identifies some of the links among household relations, women's land rights, and married women's participation in the labor force.

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