Peacekeeping in Sudan: the dynamics of protection, partnerships and inclusive politics

Peacekeeping in Sudan: the dynamics of protection, partnerships and inclusive politics

Can peacekeepers in Sudan look to other models for guidance?

The inter-related conflicts and peace processes in Sudan present a monumental peacekeeping challenge. This policy paper examines the African Union (AU) and United Nations (UN) missions in Sudan, focusing specifically on three themes: the dilemmas associated with the ‘protection of civilians’ mandates commonly given to peacekeepers; the new institutional partnerships and ‘hybrid’ arrangements emerging to meet the growing demand for peace operations; and the recognition that peacekeeping can only succeed if accompanied by a dynamic and inclusive political process.

The paper argues that the protracted crisis in Darfur has put the AU and the broader international community to a severe test. While many of the difficulties facing the peace operations in Sudan are unique, it finds that some are illustrative of broader peacekeeping challenges.

Drawing on its analysis of developments in Sudan, the paper concludes with a set of preliminary recommendations, including:

  • a clearer doctrine and greater capacity for the protection of civilians must be developed
  • peace operations that have the capacity to fulfill a protection of civilians mandate should be ensured
  • an increased effort must be made to foster political inclusiveness from the earliest days of a peace process
  • clarification of the roles, functions and capacities of the various peacekeeping organisations is required
  • organisations must devote as much effort to sustaining a political process as to the operational aspects of peacekeeping.

  1. How good is this research?

    Assessing the quality of research can be a tricky business. This blog from our editor offers some tools and tips.