Energy security in Asia: China, India, oil and peace

Energy security in Asia: China, India, oil and peace

Improving energy security in India and China

What is the composition of Indian and Chinese energy consumption and their relative dependence on imported energy (with a focus on oil and gas)? This paper describes the responses of India and China to their need for energy security, analyses the geopolitical implications of these responses with a special focus on Indian and Chinese agendas in the Middle East and outlines three scenarios for international developments in Asia, related to India and China’s energy security. Additionally, the authors present policy recommendations to the Norwegian government and identify topics for further research.

The paper identifies four areas of cooperation that would improve energy security in China and India, as well as globally:

  • support for the promotion of energy efficiency
  • assistance in the development of clean coal and gas technology for electricity production
  • a campaign for engaging the world’s great powers in a major research effort to develop transportation technologies that do not depend on oil
  • assistance in the nomination and promotion of Indian and Chinese candidature for International Energy Agency (IEA) membership.
As an appendix the report provides a case study of Burma, with a special focus on its role in energy security aspects of relations between India and China.