A review of tools for incorporating community knowledge, preferences, and values into decision making in natural resources management

A review of tools for incorporating community knowledge, preferences, and values into decision making in natural resources management

A review of participatory tools for natural resource management

A number of tools are available to elicit the knowledge, values, and preferences of communities. This paper provides a review of a selection of participatory tools in the analysis, synthesis, and decision making related to natural resource management and policy. A framework for analysis is established by identifying a set of criteria for evaluating each tool.

The paper provides a brief description of each tool; an evaluation and comparison of the strengths and weaknesses of all the tools examined; and how well they can be adapted to diverse contexts .

Key lessons learned are given providing guidelines for better tool selection.The tools assessed include:

  • Bayesian belief networks and system dynamic modelling tools, discourse-based valuation,
  • the 4Rs framework,
  • participatory mapping,
  • scoring or the Pebble Distribution Method,
  • future scenarios,
  • spidergrams,
  • venn diagrams,
  • who counts matrices
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