Universal declaration of the rights of Mother Earth

Universal declaration of the rights of Mother Earth

Universal Declaration of the Rights of Mother Earth as proclaimed at the World People’s Conference on Climate Change and the Rights of Mother Earth held in Cochabamba, Bolivia on April 22, 2010

This is a proclamation of the Universal Declaration of the Rights of Mother Earth (ME) which was created at the World People’s Conference on Climate Change and the Rights of ME held in Cochabamba, Bolivia on April 22, 2010.

Article 1. declares that ME is a unique, indivisible, self-regulating living being that sustains and reproduces all beings as an integral part of itself. It has inherent rights just like human and other beings. All other beings have rights which are specific to their type and appropriate for their role and function within their communities. The rights of each being are limited by the rights of other beings and any conflict between their rights must be resolved in a way that maintains the integrity, balance and health of ME.

Article 2. declares that ME and all beings have inherent rights to:

  • life, existence, respect and continuity
  • maintain their identity and integrity as self-regulating and interrelated beings
  • water, clean air, health, and to be free from contamination
  • not have their genetic structure modified to threaten healthy functioning
  • restoration from violation caused by human activities
  • a place and to play its role in ME for her harmonious functioning and to live free from maltreatment by human beings.
Article 3. Human beings, all States, and public and private institutions are obliged to:
  • recognise and promote the full implementation and enforcement of the rights and obligations in the Declaration
  • learn how to live in harmony with ME and ensure that their wellbeing contributes to its wellbeing
  • defend, protect and conserve the rights of ME and its integrity of the vital ecological cycles, processes and balances
  • repair damages caused by human violations and hold those responsible accountable for restoring the health of ME
  • facilitate the defence of the rights of ME and other beings and prevent human activities from damage to species and ecological cycles
  • guarantee peace and eliminate nuclear, chemical and biological weapons
  • promote respect for ME and all beings, in accordance with their own cultures
  • promote economic systems that are in harmony with ME.
Article 4. defines the term 'being' as including ecosystems, natural communities, species and all other natural entities which exist as part of ME and clarifies that nothing in the Declaration restricts the recognition of other inherent rights of all beings or specified beings.
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