Wellbeing pathways report: Zambia round 2

Wellbeing pathways report: Zambia round 2

Based on fieldwork questions which gathered both objective and subjective data across key areas of life, this report presents the preliminary findings from the second round of fieldwork carried out in Chiawa, Zambia from August to October 2012 as part of the Wellbeing and Poverty Pathways research project. It presents the descriptive statistics from the fieldwork and notes statistically significant differences by gender and marital status, age, education and other factors.

The report starts by outlining the general demographic features of the sample, including gender, marital status, ethnicity, age and religion. This is followed by a demographic analysis of different levels of educational achievement, income and livelihoods, living environment, assets, savings, help and loans, status, health and other available services. The report finishes with a demographic analysis of people’s subjective assessment of their economic position, and how ‘happy’ they feel.

The findings from the second round of data collection show that living conditions in Chiawa
remain very poor. Whilst the younger generation is achieving higher school levels than their elders, in general terms school achievement levels are low. Families have few assets, and many experience deprived living conditions. Drilling down into the data it can be seen that respondents’ gender and marital status are the most significant factor in differences across almost all variables.

Married men are better off economically, have reached higher levels of education, have fewer health problems and report higher levels of wellbeing. Single women, on the other hand, experience the harshest conditions; they report worse living conditions, are worse off economically and experience lower levels of wellbeing.

This report is part of the research project 'Wellbeing and Poverty Pathways' which has developed a multi-dimensional model of wellbeing that incorporates both subjective perspectives and objective indicators in order to explore how people understand and experience wellbeing and how this affects movement into or out of poverty.

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