Impact of climate change on agriculture and food crops: Options for climate smart Agriculture and local adaptation in East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia

Impact of climate change on agriculture and food crops: Options for climate smart Agriculture and local adaptation in East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia

This paper identifies some of the innovations in water use efficiency and water management at crop levels such as mulching, water diversification measures and agro-forestry system which are being used by a few successful farmers. The paper highlights that the impact of climate change on agriculture may manifest in the form of deficit in yields from rain-fed agriculture (due to water stress and temperature change) and reductions in crop growth period (e.g. changing pattern of onset of rain days and the changing nature of dry spells).

Particular interventions focused on in the paper include dripping irrigation for (mainly cash crop) agriculture, rainwater harvesting, identification (and re-introduction) of some drought resistant crop varieties, building a sustainable local seed systems, participatory breeding, livestock adaptation measures and improvement of existing agroforestry as well as knowledge management.

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