Home Grown School Feeding and social protection

Home Grown School Feeding and social protection

This paper argues that Home Grown School Feeding (HGSF) programmes have great potential to deliver various social protection benefits, not only for schoolchildren and their families but also for food supplying farmers.

The paper proposes an analytical framework for exploring the social protection impacts of home-grown school feeding – disaggregating impacts into “provision”, “prevention”, “promotion” and “transformation”, and analysing the impacts by primary and secondary beneficiaries. However, it indicates that the relative complexity of HGSF compared to conventional school feeding programmes complicates the calculation of cost-effectiveness and cost-efficiency of the programmes.

The paper finds that there is a large and well substantiated evidence base for HGSF nutritional, educational and household food security impacts on primary beneficiaries – school-aged children. Nevertheless, much less is known about the impacts of HGSF on the newly created “secondary” beneficiary groups, such as local farmers, suppliers and caterers.

The document concludes that there is a need to generate more empirical evidence of the consequences for social protection outcomes. Possible research questions could include:

  • which procurement models are most empowering of local communities, and who are the secondary beneficiaries under each model?
  • under what conditions can HGSF support the “graduation” of poor food supplying farmers into food security and self-reliance?
  • what are the implications of different procurement models for employment creation and income generation?