El Niño and Indian droughts - a scoping exercise

El Niño and Indian droughts - a scoping exercise

This paper is based on predictions of a strong El Niño in 2014 which it is feared will lead to droughts in India. The paper argues that as El Niño may hit in the second half of Indian monsoon season in 2014, favourable water reservoir levels, and high stocks of grains with the government, may offer some relief to the farmers and the consumers at present. But to mitigate the impact of any such drought on Indian farmers in particular and on the economy at large, it is suggested that in the short run, there is a need to create a dedicated fund towards insurance/income stabilisation of farmers likely to be hit by drought. However, it is argued that in the long run, the country needs to invest in agriculture, mainly in irrigation.

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