Instituting REDD+: An analysis of the processes and outcomes of two pilot projects in Brazil and Tanzania

Instituting REDD+: An analysis of the processes and outcomes of two pilot projects in Brazil and Tanzania

REDD readiness is about developing national strategies for REDD+ including the necessary systems to ensure reduced DD, encompassing systems for monitoring/carbon accounting and distribution of international compensations. Establishing REDD+ is a process of change not least regarding actions on the ground.

To facilitate the process, new institutions – e.g. rules – for the use of forests must be created. Clarification of property and use rights to forests may also be necessary as part of this process. Moreover, systems for monitoring and control must be developed. Finally, the creation of new organisations – both at national and local levels – may be necessary.

From this perspective, establishing REDD+ is about creating the necessary governance structures. A core question in that respect is the legitimacy of such a process and its outputs. Concerning the former, issues regarding participation in decision-making, accountability and transparency are key. Concerning the latter, the focus is on how acceptable the changes in the governance structure are found to be by the involved groups.

Establishing REDD+ is a learning process. Hence, a set of pilot projects have been set up to facilitate this. In this report, we document experiences from two such pilots. The first is a project in the RDS Rio Negro in Amazonas, Brazil. The other is in Kilosa, Tanzania. Our objective was to document and evaluate experiences with the process and outputs of introducing REDD+ in these two pilots.

This study forms a key component of the project ‘Poverty and sustainable development impacts of REDD architecture: options for equity, growth and the environment’, led by the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) and the Norwegian University of Life Sciences(UMB).

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