The Women, Peace, and Security Agenda in the CAR: Implications for MINUSCA and the Samba-Panza Interim Government

The Women, Peace, and Security Agenda in the CAR: Implications for MINUSCA and the Samba-Panza Interim Government

Since 2000, the UN Security Council (UNSC) has ratified seven complementary resolutions regarding the inclusion of women’s perspectives during peace processes, and their gender-specific experiences of conflict. This doctrine, known as Women, Peace, and Security (WPS), embodies the international community’s acknowledgement, legitimisation, and normalisation of women’s fundamental significance to achieving global peace and security.

The WPS agenda is currently experiencing an increased level of political exposure and support from the international community. As such, UNSC Resolution (UNSCR) 2122 was passed in late 2013. It identifies systematic measures for the inclusion of women in conflict prevention, resolution, and peacebuilding. Twelve African states have put in place National Action Plans (NAP) to implement UNSCR 1325 into their political and legal structures. However, despite fragmented efforts to promote the rights of women in the Central African Republic (CAR), there remains no specific commitment towards implementing UNSCR 1325 and acknowledging the significance of women during conflict and post-conflict settings. Without this commitment at a state level, the issues that the WPS agenda seeks to remedy cannot progress in the CAR. As a consequence, the specific needs of some of the world’s most vulnerable women will continue to go unaddressed.

Recommendations:

  • The United Nations Multidimensional Stabilisation Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA) should deploy the entire complement of military personnel at the earliest opportunity to secure the state from further collapse, re-instate rule of law, and investigate and prosecute crimes.
  • Once the conflict environment is secured, the UN should, in line with UNSCR 2121 and 2127, immediately deploy gender advisors, women and children protection advisors, and medical and counselling services for survivors of SGBV and all other forms of violence.
  • During the peace process, the Samba-Panza Interim Government should take all necessary measures to ensure the perspectives and interests of women are represented in accordance with UNSCR 1325.
  • The Samba-Panza Interim Government must, as part of their post-conflict recovery and state-building agenda, begin to establish the foundations for a NAP on the implementation of UNSCR 1325 and subsequent resolutions.
  • African Union (AU) and ECCOS member states (i.e. The Republic of Congo), with current experience in NAP development, should provide the CAR with technical assistance for their post-conflict WPS implementation, as a stable CAR contributes to the stability of the region.

[Summary adapted from author]

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