Final evaluation of the Regional Community Based Natural Resource Management (CBNRM) Capacity Building Programme for Southern Africa

Final evaluation of the Regional Community Based Natural Resource Management (CBNRM) Capacity Building Programme for Southern Africa

Background:
This programme was established to address the challenges facing CBNRM in Southern Africa, such as policies which were not explicitly inclusive of communities in wildlife management and benefits; or, where there was policy, limited implementation of it, or poor monitoring of natural resources. This was addressed through the establishment and strengthening of civil society networks which then worked to lobby government and advocate for improved policy and / or implementation. The programme was implemented in six countries namely Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

Key findings of the evaluation:
• The programme delivered good value for the 11-year financial investment given the regional scope of the programme, the range of activities implemented, the range of stakeholders engaged and the multiplier effect (of capacity, training and policy reforms)
• The programme was relevant to CBNRM stakeholders in participating countries, to WWF, to environmental Multilateral Environmental Agreements and to Norwegian Development policy.
• The programme contributed towards achieving its goal of improved rural livelihoods and it fulfilled its purpose.
• The programme successfully facilitated the process of anchoring and reinforcing CBNRM policy and practice into Government structures and adoption of its principles in development plans. Botswana and Namibia now have stand-alone CBNRM policies whilst Malawi, Namibia and Zambia incorporated CBNRM into National Development Plans. CBNRM principles have been adopted in the mining, agriculture and water sectors.
• The programme unlocked funding and opportunities for collaborative engagements at national and regional levels.
• The programme created, formalised and strengthened communities of CBNRM practice at national and regional levels in the form of National Forums and SACF respectively. There is high probability that all Forums in the countries will continue to exist beyond the programme.
• The Forums raised US$2.56 million to complement Norad/WWF-Norway funds in the last four years. This also provides a good measure of organisational capacity.
• The programme promoted and initiated participatory mechanisms for measuring and recording the contribution of CBNRM across the region using Performance Monitoring and Evaluation and Management Orientated Monitoring Systems (MOMS).
• The programme is highly replicable and the approach should replicated to strengthen civil society and promotion of partnerships and coalitions for knowledge sharing, learning and advocacy around several issues, e.g. MOMS and incorporating CBNRM into mining, energy, water and other sectors across the region and in Africa.

  1. How good is this research?

    Assessing the quality of research can be a tricky business. This blog from our editor offers some tools and tips.