A Range of Approaches to Address Loss and Damage from Climate Change Impacts in Bangladesh

A Range of Approaches to Address Loss and Damage from Climate Change Impacts in Bangladesh

Bangladesh is one of the countries most vulnerable to climate change, but has increasingly developed national capacity to address climate change impacts. Climate‐related hazards are expected to increase in frequency and intensity, however, and as such it is now becoming clear that adaptation will not be sufficient to avoid loss and damage caused by the adverse effects of climate change. At the global level the emergence and increasing prominence of loss and damage in the international climate negotiations is a result of the failure of both mitigation and adaptation efforts to minimise the impacts of climate change. While there is no universal definition of climate change it has been described as “impacts on human systems, which are often channelled through the negative impacts of climate change on natural systems” (UNFCCC, 2012a). The authors understand loss and damage to be current or future negative impacts of climate change that cannot be addressed by adaptation efforts. Loss can be thought of as irrecoverable negative impacts while damage can be characterised as those that can be recovered. In 2010, a work programme was created under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to enhance understanding of loss and damage and the possible means to address it. The work programme has had the following three thematic areas: (1) Assessing the risk and current knowledge of loss and damage, (2) Exploring a range of approaches to address loss and damage, including impacts related to extreme weather events and slow onset event (3) Determining the role of the Convention, or the UNFCCC, in enhancing the implementation of approaches to address loss and damage. This technical paper addresses questions relating to thematic area 2. 2.

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