Mitigating industrial solid waste in Tunisia: landfill use vs. recycling

Mitigating industrial solid waste in Tunisia: landfill use vs. recycling

Tunisia over the last few years has put in place a coherent and progressive program to manage waste through control, elimination and recycling. This paper reviews the Tunisian legislation on the management of solid waste and assesses the effectiveness of economic instruments in controlling its generation.

The paper states that the protection of the environment in general and waste management in particular is currently a priority in Tunisia, where investments in the protection of the environment reach 1.2% of the GDP. The document provides a survey of the regulatory framework used to manage solid waste in Tunisia and relying on secondary data quantifies the effects of the use of economic instruments.

The results reveal that the lack of use of “appropriate” economic instruments to reduce industrial solid waste seem to limit the incentives for firms to recycle beyond what is beneficial to them. The authors find that compared to uncontrolled landfills, controlled landfills are a costly but necessary option to limit spillovers and ensure a sustainable development.

All things considered, the paper concludes that the use of economic instruments to manage solid waste requires an integrated approach to waste management and a reduction of uncontrolled landfills.

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