A study of Brazilian trilateral development cooperation in Mozambique: the case of ProSAVANA and ProALIMENTOS

A study of Brazilian trilateral development cooperation in Mozambique: the case of ProSAVANA and ProALIMENTOS

Brazilian technical cooperation presents itself as apotential alternative to traditional donors’ practices and is often used as a tool of diplomatic relation. The distribution of power in the international system has dramatically changed in the twenty-first century. Emerging countries like China, India, Brazil and South Africa have expanded their capacity of influence worldwide, shifting the balance of international organisations.

A remarkable feature of the rise of these emerging countries has been their engagement in development assistance through South-South cooperation mechanisms and innovative aid modalities, such as Trilateral Development Cooperation (TDC) that involves a partnership between Development Assistance Committee (DAC) donors and/or multilateral agencies and emerging countries to implement a development programme in a third recipient country (UN 2012). In this context, Brazilian technical cooperation has attracted increasing attention due to the originality of its projects in areas such agriculture, health and social development as well as the expansion of its portfolio to Portuguese-speaking nations in sub-Saharan Africa.

This paper discusses Brazil’s official narrative which differentiates South-South from North-South as well as emphasises TDC as a strategic tool to enhance South-South principles in the international arena. It introduces the theoretical framework adopted to understand the roles of different actors during the implementation process. Then, it presents the case of ProALIMENTOS and ProSAVANA (two ongoing TDC programmes developed by the Brazilian Cooperation Agency). Finally, it concludes that the results of this research indicate that there is no single model for TDC. As for the case of ProALIMENTOS, TDC may lead to complementary gains and transfer of know-how between partners, though it has facilitated overlapping of South-South cooperation practices by North-South. While the case of ProSAVANA highlights no complementary gain, once there are internal and external challenges involving the programme, this leads to two ‘bilateral’ programmes.

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