Loss and Damage in a warmer world: whither gender matters? Gender perspectives on the Loss and Damage debate

Loss and Damage in a warmer world: whither gender matters? Gender perspectives on the Loss and Damage debate

Is the gender dimension adequately embedded in the loss and damage agenda?

Many vulnerable countries will have to deal with unavoidable residual impacts of climate change which will result in loss and damage to men and women. The authors discuss that since impacts of climate change give rise to differential implications for women – owing to societal norms, practices as well as gender-based different roles and responsibilities – they will be subject to loss and damage burden which are somewhat different than those likely to be faced by males.

The cost of loss and damage due to climate variability and change is generally estimated in terms of lost GDP; market-centric approaches grossly fail to integrate gender concerns. Going beyond market centric assessment and approaches, this paper argues that the continuum of Loss and Damage (L&D) discourse must acknowledge the sphere of non-market activities and find ways to address those giving due emphasis on differential needs and priorities of women and men in a given society. In L&D discourse, therefore, gender issues matter.

The paper highlights that an analysis of gender-differentiated vulnerability of women under loss and damage deserves special care and profound understanding. It goes to recommend that the negotiators on Loss and Damage should pay immediate attention to fill in the gap in understanding.

The following important aspects should be considered by Conference of Parties in ongoing work:

  1. recognise gender differentiated L&D and prioritise specific needs of women,
  2. provide clear understanding on shifting timelines for ‘peaking’ and ‘emission targets’ and consequent L&D needs focusing on women,
  3. provide clear understanding on ‘deficits’ in adaptation (for delayed actions) and adaptation financing and consequent L&D needs focusing on women,
  4. include mechanisms towards carrying out assessments of gender-differentiated vulnerability and adaptation needs in LDCs, SIDS, and Vulnerable African Countries, and
  5. create immediate and urgent actions involving communities and in particular, vulnerable women.

The authors recommen that there should be ensured participation from women and gender constituency in emerging international institutional architecture on L&D.

[Adapted from the source]

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