Women, girls and disasters: a review for DFID

Women, girls and disasters: a review for DFID

This review sets out evidence of the impact that disasters have on women, adolescent girls and girls.

It identifies initiatives and investments that have been developed to address or mitigate these but identifies a number of gaps in response and makes recommendations for addressing them.

The report argues there is a need to embed a gendered humanitarian response within existing development initiatives. However, there is also a need for those working in development to understand that Gendered DRR (GDRR) is primarily a development, not a humanitarian issue.

The review identifies future factors which will impact on the magnitude of future disaster; and how they are experienced by women and men, girls and boys and in turn disasters will have an impact on them. These include environmental stress, financial and food crises, migration and rapid urbanisation.Specific actions for DFID to support the key recommendations made are identified, including:

  • Promote the systematic inclusion of generating gender and age disaggregated data and analysis in DFID-financed research and evidence investments.
  • Promote integration of gender issues in disaster resilience-related programmes, including promoting/requiring the generation of gender disaggregated data and analysis, and the monitoring and evaluation of the specific impacts these investments have on women and girls.
  • Use the Political Champions Group to promote this issue amongst the business practices of those within the Group and with others. Particular emphasis could be given to promoting this issue within its country and regional-level engagement, such as in Haiti, as well as its work with the private sector
  • Promote greater links between disaster resilience, preparedness and climate change adaptation teams in DFID on taking up these issues.
  • Demand a much greater focus and attention during risk assessments on assessing the specific vulnerabilities faced by women and girls and the extent to which these are being addressed by governments, donors and agencies.
  • Develop guidance (and resources) to support the inclusion of gender issues in DFID financed, resilience-linked programmes (including in business cases) and into Country Office disaster resilience strategies generated as part of the embedding process.
  • Develop a set of best practice case studies on how DFID or other donors/agencies have integrated gender issues in programmes.

The review concludes that environmental stress, financial and food crises, migration and rapid urbanisation are all factors that will impact on the magnitude of future ‘disasters’ and how they are experienced by women and men, girls and boys and in turn disasters will have an impact on them. It argues that GDRR needs to be understood as a cross cutting issue and a key development concern.

[Adapted from source]

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