Mixing integrated coastal zone management and green growth in Colombia. A recipe for resilient coastal cities?

Mixing integrated coastal zone management and green growth in Colombia. A recipe for resilient coastal cities?

Nearly twelve percent of Colombia´s population lives in five coastal cities with more than 170000 inhabitants. These coastal cities are vulnerable to the impacts of climate change not only because of the deficiency on their drainage systems, scarcity of coastal protection infrastructure and an out of control urbanization process, but also the lack of coordinated support of coastal zone management at the national level.

As Colombian government interest grows to concentrate industry centers close to its coastal zone, implementing effective management and climate adaptation policies becomes more important. Coastal cities today are faced with the challenge of sustainable growth, first for the sake of its people and the national economy, and second for that of the environment. This is where the principles of Integrated Coastal Zone Management must meet the vision of a Green City.

This article explores the integration of these concepts and the application for urban planning in Colombian coastal cities with emphasis in the city of Cartagena. After reviewing various sources of information, six aspects were determined as essential in the carving of a green coastal city.  

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