Desk Review of Programs Integrating Family Planning with Food Security and Nutrition

Desk Review of Programs Integrating Family Planning with Food Security and Nutrition

To date there has been limited documentation on integrating family planning with food security and nutrition programming. In an effort to fill the evidence gap in this area, the Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance III Project (FANTA) conducted a desk review to take stock of and better understand how food security and nutrition programs are integrating family planning. This review is the first systematic effort the authors are aware of to examine the grey and published literature focusing specifically on nutrition, food security, and family planning integration across both health sector and multisectoral programs.

Findings from the review show that family planning and nutrition or food security interventions are primarily built into program design from the onset as part of a larger health package, especially maternal, newborn, and child health, integrated management of childhood illness,or food security and livelihood packages. Examples are provided of nutrition and family planning integration in health sector programs as well as nutrition, food security, and family planning integration in multisectoral programs. Examples are also provided on the wide range of community- and facility-based platforms and providers that are used for integrated service delivery. The findings also revealed potential promising practices for integration. These practices include: building on existing platforms, targeting the 1,000-day window from a mother’s pregnancy up until the child is 2 years of age, conducting home visits, ensuring multiple contacts, and engaging men.

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