Access to genetic resources and benefit-sharing from their use (ABS) – state of implementation and research gaps

Access to genetic resources and benefit-sharing from their use (ABS) – state of implementation and research gaps

Commissioned  by  the  PBL  Netherlands  Environmental Assessment  Agency the  report provides an international   review of the current  situation  in access and benefit sharing (ABS) related to genetic resources and the research needs in  this  field.    The  report  concludes  that  even  if  an  international ABS regime has been in place for more than 20 years, implementation at the national level has  been  slow  both  in  terms  of  enacting  access  legislation  and  legislation  to support   compliance   with   access   legislation.   A   fairly   large   amount   of bioprospecting  activities  have  been  generated  but - apparently - few  with  a commercial intent and thus with few examples and low amounts of monetary benefits. Research on  ABS  has  mainly been theoretical and less research has been  conducted  on  ABS  in  practice.  Main  research  gaps  are:  1)  Actual  and potential   contribution   of   ABS   to   conservation   and   sustainable   use   of biodiversity;  2)  ABS,  equity  and  standard  setting;  3)    ABS  beyond  genetic resources;  4)  Business  approaches  to  ABS;  5)  Mapping  the  value  chain  of genetic/biological material from its collection to an end product.