Policy agenda for Cambodia in developing industrial skills, industrial complex, and agro-processing industry

Policy agenda for Cambodia in developing industrial skills, industrial complex, and agro-processing industry

The potential industries of Cambodia that are expected to prosper in next five years are associated with the following areas: car assembly industries, electronics, electricity, mobile phone, garment, civil engineering, food processing such as rice milling, and tourism.

Labor productivity in manufacturing sector increased just 2.4% during last 10 years. This reveals that the increase in the labor productivity has been less than the increase in the employment share in manufacturing. This also indicates that vocational training to improve productivity in the manufacturing sector is a key
policy agenda to promote the Cambodian economic and industrial development.

The current situation of the vocational training in Cambodia shows that the vocational training concentrates on short- term courses and 74 percent of the courses is designed for the agriculture- related training. This reveals that the current vocational training is mostly not geared to the future potential industries in Cambodia.

However, the recent evolution in the Cambodian vocational training implies the positive message to the development of Cambodian vocational training in potential industries. First, the number of graduates of vocational training has increased three times from 27,000 persons in 2005 to 91,000 persons in 2011. Second, the number of vocational trainees in mechanical- related courses in long- term training has also increased.

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