Rapid fragility and migration assessment for Ethiopia

Rapid fragility and migration assessment for Ethiopia

This report is based on 24 days of desk-based research and provides a short synthesis of the literature on fragility and migration in relation to Ethiopia.

It is difficult to obtain an accurate picture of the migration situation in Ethiopia today. Limitations with the migration data include the use of varying definitions for different categories of migrants, and the lack of documentation of irregular migration.

This rapid review has found a fairly large development practitioner and academic literature on the sources of fragility in Ethiopia. While migration statistics are unreliable, there is reasonably credible information about the routes and migrant profiles. This literature is more focused on those travelling to the Middle East, with a strong focus on young women in a number of reports. As much of the migration is irregular, this presents challenges for documentation.

Key evidence gaps include :

  • up to date information on migrant profiles, motivations and routes, taking into account the impact of the new global migration context (most survey data is from 2011 – 2013)
  • migrant journeys along the north/west and south routes
  • information on internal displacement
  • the impact of hos ting a l arge refugee population
  • the role development aid has played in relation to migration pressures


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