- Gender and Social Movements
- In this month’s update we provide links and summaries to some of the most recent resources on gender and social movements. Two excellent new policy briefs from the Institute of Development Studies BRIDGE team, on donor approaches and on social movement leader approaches to advancing gender justice, are key features of this update. They are the latest resources to be produced from the fantastic BRIDGE Gender and Social Movements Programme.
- Challenging the negative discourse on human rights in Africa
- T. Kasambala / South African Institute of International Affairs, 2014
- The recent proliferation of non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and independent media across Africa is an important positive development. They play an essential role by investigating government policy, exposing corruption and human ...
- Women’s vulnerability to climatic and non-climatic change in the Eastern Gangetic Plains
- International Water Management Institute, 2014
- Previous findings from IWMI’s research conducted in Madhubani, Bihar, India, and in Dhanusha and Morang of the Nepal Terai (Madhesh) were taken to substantiate previous literature on the region by showing how men and women are d...
- New evidence on the gender wage gap in Indonesia
- K. Taniguchi; A. Tuwo / Asian Development Bank, 2014
- Indonesia has been experiencing impressive economic growth and rapid urbanisation in recent years. However, urbanisation could affect income inequality through people’s movement from rural to urban areas. Using the 2010 National...
- The power these men have over us: sexual exploitation and abuse by African Union Forces in Somalia
- Human Rights Watch, 2014
- This research document provides findings on sexual exploitation and abuse in the Somali capital, Mogadishu, predominantly by personnel of the Ugandan People’s Defence Forces (UPDF) at and around the African Union Mission in Soma...
- Women’s empowerment and nutrition: what does the evidence tell us?
- M van den Bold / Transform Nutrition, 2014
- Development programmes aimed at alleviating poverty and improving nutrition often consider women’s empowerment as an effective way to achieve impact. However, while nutrition outcomes are often measured, ef...
This week we turn our attention to Urban LandMark, the Urban Land Markets Programme in Southern Africa, for our Spotlight series. The series profiles research organisations based in developing countries.
In the early 2000s, the Department for International Development (DFID) was building a range of programmes focusing on the ‘making markets work’ approach i.e. markets working efficiently and producing equitable outcomes for the poor. In Southern Africa, there were DFID-funded programmes supporting development in financial markets, commodity markets and labour markets. So to complete the set, the idea of supporting land markets was explored. This led to the development of both urban and rural land market initiatives. On the urban side, in 2006, Urban LandMark became the first ‘making markets work’ initiative supported by DFID to focus specifically on urban land issues, with the aim of improving access to land and property rights.
Urban LandMark seeks to improve the understanding of (and evidence about) how urban land and housing markets work in African cities and towns, how poor communities engage and act as agents in markets, and based on this better understanding, how the public and private sector can act to open up access to land, secure tenure and transactional support.
To improve access to land and property rights, the programme’s thematic areas include four dimensions:
- functional markets
- access to land rights and secure tenure
- improved land governance, and
- more humane and inclusive urban environments.
Urban LandMark took a new approach by including the public and private sector in dialogues and initiatives designed to change the way urban development happens - they believe that this way a much richer set of urban practices emerge. The programme targets small and large-scale urban actors from the public and the private sector. Mark sees that the important relationships to stimulate are with municipal officials and commercial developers, national departments and associations representing commercial or professional interests, land and housing NGOs and communities, and academics and practitioners.
To test this approach and establish how to make a difference through evidence-based advocacy, the bulk of their early work was conducted in South Africa from 2006 to 2008. From 2009 onwards, they widened the geographic scope and worked in Angola, Mozambique, Lesotho, and Malawi, and on the African continent as a whole through their work with UN Habitat’s State of African Cities Report, and the Global Land Tool Network.
Over the next few years, Urban LandMark believe that the increased vulnerability of communities living on unplanned urban land will become more of an issue. As Mark stresses, there needs to be greater effort to bring together climate change adaptation protagonists with people who have been working for many years on improving the planning of cities in the developing world. This collaboration should focus on developing and implementing practical adaptations of formal urban planning processes to work with (rather than against) local traditions of land management.
However, “a major challenge in Southern Africa, is getting advocacy messages to top decision makers,” Mark continues. “The ‘digital divide’ is still a reality, and personal relationship building is key in making a difference.” Multi-lateral agencies like the African Union, UN Habitat, the World Bank, and other sub-regional networks are key channels for engagement.
In the coming months, Urban LandMark is aiming to influence the preparatory process of The Habitat III, the United Nations Conference on Housing and Sustainable Development in 2016.
Please also see Dr Mark Napier’s recent article for Eldis which gives further analysis on the issues touched on here.
- Health and Education Advice and Resource Team, 2012
- This Helpdesk report includes statistics and reports on sexual abuse and violence in schools in Afghanistan and Pakistan. The first section of the report covers UN Security Council Reports including statistics on attacks. The next two...
- Will Africa benefit from a demographic dividend?
- D. Cleland / Health and Education Advice and Resource Team, 2012
- Sub-Saharan Africa lags behind other regions in terms of fertility change and the period of declining dependency ratios lies largely in the future. This paper considers what is needed for Africa to convert favourable demographic chang...
- Looking at conditions of persons with disability in Metro Manila
- C.M. Reyes; A.D. Tabuga / Philippine Institute for Development Studies, 2009
- The need to understand the conditions of persons with disability (PWD) is not only linked with Philippines' aim to reduce poverty and adhere to the goals stated in the 2000 Millennium Declaration but also and, more importantly, with t...
- Where are the poor employed? Profiling the working poor
- C.M. Reyes; C.D. Mina / Philippine Institute for Development Studies, 2013
- Inclusive growth is one of the most popular topics nowadays in economic and development discourses about the Philippines partly because it remains an elusive goal for the country. One of the primary reasons for the non-inclusivity of ...
- WELDD Feminist leadership web portal
- Shirkat Gah, 2014
- This web portal, developed by the Women’s Empowerment and Leadership Development for Democratisation (WELDD) programme, is intended to be a space to share useful resources, as well as a forum for sharing experiences and holding ...