Cost sharing and participation in higher education in Sub Saharan Africa: the case of Tanzania
The paper finds that:
- the implementation of cost sharing through revenue diversification and privately sponsored or fee paying students at the University of Dar es Salaam has had very little impact on improving access/participation in higher education
- the contribution of the private higher education sector to achieving the policy objectives is almost negligible
- there is a disproportional representation of children from upper and middle class families at the University of Dar es Salaam and in other public higher education institutions implying no improved access to the poor
- higher socio-economic status influences admission/enrolment into prestigious, high private return degree programs such as medicine, computer science, engineering and law
- other inequalities in access to higher education exist on the grounds of religious affiliation.
The above findings seem to negate any meaningful impact of cost sharing in higher education on expanded access.