According to this report, climate funds for reducing greenhouse gas emissions can benefit small farmers and help achieve development objectives. In the detailed study of six African agricultural carbon projects, researchers found that communities are benefiting from a range of activities related to planting and managing trees on farms. One of the carbon projects examined is the Humbo Ethiopia Assisted Natural Regeneration Project, coordinated by World Vision, which was the first African forestry project to be registered under the Kyoto Protocol. The report also finds that while direct carbon payments to farmers were low, projects successfully established systems for financial management, agricultural extension and carbon monitoring involving a complex set of partnerships. The study demonstrates the different channels through which communities could benefit from mitigation funds for agricultural development.