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Middle East and North Africa

HIV among MSM in the Middle East and North Africa
People on mountain with moon
C. Stowers / Panos Pictures
Men who have sex with men (MSM) bear a disproportionately higher burden of HIV infection than the general population. The objective of this review is to demonstrate the evidence on the epidemiology of HIV among MSM in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). The paper notes that MSM in the MENA are a largely hidden population because of a prevailing stigma towards this type of sexual behaviour, thereby limiting the ability to assess infection transmission patterns among them.

Latest Documents

Beware of the echo: the impending return of demographic pressures in Egypt
C. Krafft; R. Assaad / Economic Research Forum, Egypt, 2014
For many years, Egypt experienced substantial demographic pressures on its education system and labour market. This paper discusses potential reasons for these increasing pressures, with a focus on the currently growing young adult po...
Iran’s subsidy reform from promise to disappointment
D.S. Isfahani / Economic Research Forum, Egypt, 2014
In December 2010, Iran implemented an ambitious subsidy reform program for energy; however, three years later, the program has stalled and energy prices are once again well below their global levels. The current paper reveals that two...
Why the unemployment rate is a misleading indicator of labor market health in Egypt
C. Krafft; R. Assaad / Economic Research Forum, Egypt, 2014
This paper argues that unemployment rate is a poor indicator of the cyclical performance of labour market, where it focuses attention on the plight of the well-off, not those who are the most vulnerable to poor labour market condition...
Fostering new ideas for social inclusion and accountable responsive governance: a think-piece for the Making All Voices Count programme
D. Edwards / Making All Voices Count, 2014
The Making All Voices Count programme aims to foster and support new ideas to improve governance and achieve greater social justice. Key to Making All Voices Count’s approach to this challenge is to support innovation through a ...
Final Report: Climate for development in Africa (ClimDev) – Climate sciences and services for Africa - strategic research opportunities for ClimDev
R. Wilby / Evidence on Demand, 2014
The Climate for Development in Africa (ClimDev-Africa) Programme is an initiative of the African Union Commission (AUC), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) Africa Climate Policy Centre (ACPC) and the African Dev...
Transnational responses to violence against women in the name of 'culture': evaluation of the Violence Is Not Our Culture Campaign (2008-2011)
A.L Shaheed / Women Living Under Muslim Law, 2011
In 2007, members of the Stop Stoning Forever Campaign in Iran and the Women Living under Muslim Laws (WLUML) network initiated the ‘Violence is not our Culture’ (VNC) campaign. The VNC is aimed at bringing an end to the mi...
Stoning in Iran, Somalia, Nigeria, Pakistan, Afghanistan & Sudan
W. Fautré; A. Iman; F. Timmins 2012
The practice of stoning is closely associated with religious laws and observances. In ancient times, many communities used the practice to punish those who were deemed to have gone against God, challenged existing norms or threatened ...
Unhappily ever after: Slow and uneven progress in the fight against early marriage
C. Harper; N. Jones; E. Presler-Marshall; D. Walker / Overseas Development Institute, 2014
Nearly one-third of girls in developing countries marry before adulthood. Given the developing world’s ‘youth bulge’, this means that in absolute numbers it is likely that more girls are at risk of early marriage now...
Global Trends in Child Marriage
M.C. Nguyen; Q. Wodon / World Bank, 2012
Child marriage remains highly prevalent today, with a global estimate of one in three women aged 20–24 marrying before the age of 18. Precise estimates for middle- and low-income countries are even higher at 40%. Chil...
Pan-Arab Renewable Energy Strategy 2030: Roadmap of actions for implementation
International Renewable Energy Agency, 2014
This report presents the results of the study that covered 22 Arab states and asseses their renewable energy sector. It provides an updated overview of the renewable energy situation in the countries, an assessment of the regio...
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