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Middle East and North Africa

HIV among MSM in the Middle East and North Africa
People on mountain with moon
C. Stowers / Panos Pictures
Men who have sex with men (MSM) bear a disproportionately higher burden of HIV infection than the general population. The objective of this review is to demonstrate the evidence on the epidemiology of HIV among MSM in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). The paper notes that MSM in the MENA are a largely hidden population because of a prevailing stigma towards this type of sexual behaviour, thereby limiting the ability to assess infection transmission patterns among them.

Latest Documents

Cyclicality of fiscal behavior in developing oil-producing countries: an empirical review
N. Erbil / Economic Research Forum, Egypt, 2011
Oil price volatility has increased in recent years, where these large, unpredictable swings have a major impact on fiscal balances in developing oil-producing economies. This paper examines the cyclicality of fiscal behaviour in 28 de...
The Turkish wage curve: evidence from the household labor force survey
B.H. Baltagi; Y.S. Baskaya; T. Hulagu / Economic Research Forum, Egypt, 2011
The relationship between real wages and unemployment rates has long been studied in economics. This paper examines the Turkish wage curve using individual data from the Household Labour Force Survey for 26 Turkish regions over the per...
Puzzling over the pieces: regional integration and the African Peer Review Mechanism
T. Corrigan / South African Institute of International Affairs, 2015
Regional integration has long been recognised as an important vehicle for Africa’s development; currently, the African Union (AU) officially intends achieving a continent-wide common market by 2023 and a currency union by 2018. ...
Sexuality as a Contested Political Domain in the Middle East
P. İlkkaracan / Ashgate Publishing, 2008
What are the contemporary political and social dynamics pertaining to sexuality in the Middle East? Pinar Iikkaracan (Women for Women’s human Rights) edits the book ‘Deconstructing Sexuality in the Middle East’ and w...
Analysis of foreign ownership, R&D and spillovers in developing countries: evidence from Turkey
E. Kalayci; M.T. Pamukçu / Economic Research Forum, Egypt, 2011
In the past few decades, foreign Direct Investment (FDI) has been recognised as a major means of knowledge transfer mechanism from the developed to the developing world. It is the purpose of this paper to examine the impact of FDI on ...
Labor market adjustment during the world financial crisis: evidence from Egypt
R. Roushdy; M. Gadallah / Economic Research Forum, Egypt, 2011
The economic downturn of the recent global financial crisis has affected the labour market in MENA region. The main objective of this paper is to investigate the impact of the world financial crisis of 2008 on the Egyptian labour mark...
Regional impact of the climate change: a CGE analysis for Turkey
H. Dudu; E.H. Cakmak / Economic Research Forum, Egypt, 2011
The effects of climate change on the overall economy necessitate taking into account backward and forward linkages of agriculture; however, the number of studies that relate climate change to agricultural production in Turkey through ...
Do Islamic banks employ less earnings management?
M.A. Quttainah / Economic Research Forum, Egypt, 2011
The recent global financial crisis has shown mixed performance in banking industry; however, one notable phenomenon is that Islamic Banks (IBs) were not severely affected by the financial crises period. This paper examines whether IBs...
Integrated paradigm for sustainable development: a panel data study
H. Abou-Ali; Y.M. Abdelfattah / Economic Research Forum, Egypt, 2011
In the developing world, there is a clear trade-off between economic growth and environmental security. This paper states that the concept of sustainable development requires countries all over the world to use their natural resources...
Political institutions and sovereign credit spreads
N. Boubakri; J.C. Cosset; H. Smaoui / Economic Research Forum, Egypt, 2011
Sovereign spreads are influenced by a large number of factors. The current paper assesses the impact of political factors on sovereign spreads. The paper highlights that its approach is grounded in the political constraints and accoun...
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