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Middle East and North Africa

HIV among MSM in the Middle East and North Africa
People on mountain with moon
C. Stowers / Panos Pictures
Men who have sex with men (MSM) bear a disproportionately higher burden of HIV infection than the general population. The objective of this review is to demonstrate the evidence on the epidemiology of HIV among MSM in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). The paper notes that MSM in the MENA are a largely hidden population because of a prevailing stigma towards this type of sexual behaviour, thereby limiting the ability to assess infection transmission patterns among them.

Latest Documents

After a decade of growth in Africa, little change in poverty at the grassroots
B. Dulani; R. Mattes; C. Logan / Afrobarometer, 2013
Afrobarometer data on lived poverty in Africa provide an important basis for testing assumptions about the effects of the continent’s recent economic growth on poverty reduction. The current paper indicates that Afrobarometer da...
Africa rising?: popular dissatisfaction with economic management despite a decade of growth
J. Hofmeyr / Afrobarometer, 2013
Many African individuals still experience regular shortages of basic necessities, and rates of “lived poverty” remain high. In this context, the current paper shows that across 34 countries, a majority (53%) rate the curre...
The partnership of free speech & good governance in Africa
W. Mitullah; P. Kamau / Afrobarometer, 2013
Much of Africa has undergone a radical transformation in terms of the freedom to communicate in the last two decades, but despite the opening and expansion of media and technology, freedom of expression is still enjoyed unequally acro...
Governments falter in fight to curb corruption: the people give most a failing grade
S. Richmond; C. Alpin / Afrobarometer, 2013
Corruption punishes the poor the most. This paper underlines that poor Africans perceive higher levels of corruption in their state institutions and are more likely to pay a bribe in order to obtain official documents, gain access to ...
What people want from government: basic services performance ratings, 34 countries
J. Asunka / Afrobarometer, 2013
The current paper relies on an Afrobarometer survey that asked people in 34 African countries to rate the governmental performance in their countries regarding basic services. The paper shows that Africans hold largely negative views ...
Oil & mining countries: transparency low, impunity high
E. Gyimah-Boadi; D. Armah-Attoh; M. Awal / Afrobarometer, 2013
Minerals are important economic resource for Africa. In this sense, Twenty-two of 34 African countries surveyed by Afrobarometer stake their countries' economic futures on development of mineral or oil production. The paper dem...
Resource rents, institutions and violent civil conflicts
I. Elbadawi; R. Soto 2013
Natural resources have been blamed for inducing slow growth and sparking civil conflicts and violence. This paper first develops a model to account for the hazard of armed civil conflicts as a manifestation of the natural resource cur...
Dual banking and financial contagion
M.S. Nabi / Economic Research Forum, Egypt, 2013
In the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region the banking system is becoming dual in many countries where there is a presence of both conventional banks (CBs) and Islamic banks (IBs). This duality has generated a new challenge for...
Agricultural water-use efficiency in a global perspective: the case of Iran
G. Soltani / Economic Research Forum, Egypt, 2013
This study addresses the problem of water-use efficiency in agriculture via the optimisation of water use for and the external trade patterns of agricultural products in Iran. Towards this end, some major issues on agricultural water ...
Mitigating ‘non-conflict’ violence by creating peaceful political settlements
M. Schultze-Kraft / Institute of Development Studies UK, 2014
Understanding and addressing ‘non-conflict’ violence is a key challenge for development. Different types of ‘non-conflict’ violence, such as homicide, massacres, armed robbery and gender-based violence, which o...
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