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Middle East and North Africa

HIV among MSM in the Middle East and North Africa
People on mountain with moon
C. Stowers / Panos Pictures
Men who have sex with men (MSM) bear a disproportionately higher burden of HIV infection than the general population. The objective of this review is to demonstrate the evidence on the epidemiology of HIV among MSM in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). The paper notes that MSM in the MENA are a largely hidden population because of a prevailing stigma towards this type of sexual behaviour, thereby limiting the ability to assess infection transmission patterns among them.

Latest Documents

Econometric modeling of world oil supplies: terminal price and the time to depletion
K. Mohaddes / Economic Research Forum, Egypt, 2012
The exhaustion of oil is an important shortcoming in a growing world economy where real output is expected to rise over the foreseeable future. This paper develops a novel approach by which to identify the price of oil at the time of ...
The spillover effects of the global financial crisis on economic activity in emerging economies – investigating the Egyptian case using the financial stress index
A. El-Shal / Economic Research Forum, Egypt, 2012
The global financial crisis of 2007 raised concerns about spillover effects to economic activity in emerging market economies. This paper quantifies the magnitude of spillover effects of the global financial crisis to economic activit...
South Africa's cooperation and support to civilian capacities in the aftermath of conflict
African Centre for Constructive Resolution of Disputes, 2014
Despite South Africa’s support for peace and security, and efforts to enhance civilian capacities in Africa, many of the country’s internal procedures, departments and processes necessary for the provision of adequate supp...
Playing for peace
African Centre for Constructive Resolution of Disputes, 2010
With 2010 both the year of the World Cup and Peace and Security in Africa, ACCORD  issued this special publication on football, peace and development. Beyond the skills displayed by professional stars on the big stage, football o...
Opportunity or threat: the engagement of youth in African societies
G. Maina (ed) / African Centre for Constructive Resolution of Disputes, 2012
The unemployment crisis in Africa is a critical challenge to a majority of youth. This situation demands a clear policy framework, accompanied by clear budgetary allocations. The chapters in this monograph examine the dynamics of the ...
Southern Africa Consultation on the Occasion of the 10h Anniversary of the Peace and Security Council
African Centre for Constructive Resolution of Disputes, 2014
The Peace and Security Council (PSC) is one of the main pillars of the African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA) established in 2004. During the past decade, Africa has made significant strides in preventing, containing and resol...
Perspectives of African non-state actors on the work of the PSC
African Centre for Constructive Resolution of Disputes, 2014
This paper was produced as part of the Celebration of the 10th Anniversary of the Peace and Security Council (PSC) of the African Union 25 May 2014, Addis Ababa. It discusses regional consultations of non-state actors as a platform fo...
From non-interference to good governance: shifting perspectives on development in Africa
M. Khalil-Babatunde / South African Institute of International Affairs, 2014
While it is widely acknowledged that African countries have not been successful in creating viable economies to provide a decent standard of living for the people of the continent, by committing to improvements in these essential area...
Formal and informal social protection in Iraq
N.E.D. Freitas; H. Johnson / Economic Research Forum, Egypt, 2012
This paper studies formal and informal insurance in Iraq, using empirical data from a household survey. In this respect, the document examines the types of risks that Iraqi households face, demonstrating the coping mechanisms they use...
Predicting bank financial strength ratings in an emerging economy: the case of Turkey
H. Öğüt; M.M. Doğanay; N. Başak / Economic Research Forum, Egypt, 2012
Bank financial strength ratings have gained widespread popularity especially after the recent financial turmoil. The aim of this paper is to develop models to determine the significant factors that have an impact on bank financial str...
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