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Middle East and North Africa

HIV among MSM in the Middle East and North Africa
People on mountain with moon
C. Stowers / Panos Pictures
Men who have sex with men (MSM) bear a disproportionately higher burden of HIV infection than the general population. The objective of this review is to demonstrate the evidence on the epidemiology of HIV among MSM in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). The paper notes that MSM in the MENA are a largely hidden population because of a prevailing stigma towards this type of sexual behaviour, thereby limiting the ability to assess infection transmission patterns among them.

Latest Documents

The role of China’s NGOs in foreign aid and international development
A. Li / China International Development Research Network, 2014
As early as 2003, China’s former Foreign Minister Tang Jiaxuan said that China should seriously consider the role of NGOs in international affairs and increase China’s voice in the field of NGOs and international developme...
Fighting Ebola and strengthening China’s humanitarian assistance
W. He / China International Development Research Network, 2014
Considering China’s valuable experience in fighting SARS in 2002-2003 and the fact it is the second largest economy in the world, China needs to further increase its contribution in this global battle with Ebola and increase the...
An analysis of political and institutional power dispersion: the case of Turkey
I. Tutar; A. Tansel / Economic Research Forum, Egypt, 2011
In developing countries, not only are the governments the largest employers but also the government budgets constitute the most important resource allocation mechanism. This study examines the effects of fragmented governments and fis...
Emerging seed markets: the role of Brazilian, Chinese and Indian seeds in African agriculture
H. Tugendhat, / Future Agricultures Consortium, 2014
In recent years, three of the largest emerging powers, Brazil, China and India, have all brought about incredible agricultural revolutions and seeds have played a big part in that story. Nowadays, their seed markets are all within the...
From innovation system perspective: environmentally friendly technical change and small-and medium-sized enterprises
B.C. Erbas; P.C. Geylani / Economic Research Forum, Egypt, 2011
Small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) impose a significant negative impact on the environment, as they play an important role in total production and economic growth in most economies. This paper analyses environmentally friendly...
Is there a triple dividend effect from a tax on fertilizer use?: a computable general equilibrium approach
A. Elshennawy / Economic Research Forum, Egypt, 2011
Given the wide spread excess fertiliser use by farmers in Egypt with serious repercussions for water pollution and contamination of agriculture goods, this paper assesses the magnitude of the double dividend from the imposition of a t...
Judicial independence under the APRM: from rhetoric to reality
R. Ellett / South African Institute of International Affairs, 2015
The greatest challenges to good governance in Africa lie at the intersection of two problems: (i) low horizontal and vertical accountability, and (ii) weak constitutionalism. While courts are a critical player at these intersecting fa...
R2P, the International Criminal Court and the prevention of mass atrocities in Africa
G. Abraham / South African Institute of International Affairs, 2015
Following the massacres in Yugoslavia and Rwanda the international community committed itself to preventing similar occurrences in the future. The developing doctrine of Responsibility to Protect (R2P) and the institution of the Inter...
Cost assessment of environmental degradation in the Middle East and North Africa region – selected issues
B. Larsen / Economic Research Forum, Egypt, 2011
This paper estimates the cost of inadequate potable water, sanitation and hygiene, outdoor air pollution, and cropland degradation in 16 countries of the Arab League. The paper pointes that the 16 countries under study represent great...
Wage inequality and returns to education in Turkey: a quantile regression analysis
A. Tansel; F. Bircan / Economic Research Forum, Egypt, 2011
An increase in wage inequality implies polarisation in the welfare distribution in the society. This paper studies male wages inequality and their relation to education from 1994 to 2002 in Turkey, using quantile regression model. ...
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