Legal status and deprivation in India’s urban slums: an analysis of two decades of National Sample Survey Data
To quantify deprivation for each slum, tha paper constructs a basic services deprivation score (BSDS), which includes variables that affect health, such as access to piped water, latrines, solid waste disposal, schools, and health centers.
In a regression analysis, the authors find a robust association between non-notified status and greater deprivation after controlling for other variables. Analysis reveals a progressive reduction in deprivation the longer a slum has been notified. In addition, data from the 2012 NSS show that, despite suffering from greater deprivation, non-notified slums were much less likely to receive financial aid from government slum improvement schemes.
Findings suggest that legally recognizing non-notified slums and targeting government aid to these settlements may be crucial for improving health outcomes and diminishing urban disparities.