Family support for older persons in Thailand: challenges and opportunities
The Thai government has been giving very serious attention to population ageing issues. This was clearly indicated by the adoption of the Second National Plan for Older Persons covering 2002-2021, the prominence of aging issues in the 2012-16 National Economic and Social Development Plan, and a 2015 establishment of the Department of Older Persons with expanded authority to carry out programs to support elderly Thais. Importantly, the Old Age Allowance program was expanded in 2009 into a universal social pension for persons aged 60 and older who lacked other pension coverage. At the same time, there has been a significant increase in public awareness regarding population ageing in the last decade. Furthermore, efforts to strengthen community support for older persons have also
The position paper is organised into the following sections: 1) demographics of ageing; 2) availability of children and old-age living arrangements; 3) material support for older persons; 4) social support; 5) personal care support; 6) older persons contributions and; 7) discussion and conclusion; 8) policy recommendations.