Renewable revolution: low-carbon energy by 2030
The paper reports that the synergy between renewable energy and energy efficiency occurs in the following ways:
- improvements in energy efficiency make it easier, cheaper, and faster for renewable energy to achieve a large share of total energy production, while reducing emissions
- wherever renewable energy technologies displace thermal processes, the result is a major reduction in the amount of primary energy required
- direct use of solar energy does not require any energy conversion technology to provide desired energy services
- many renewable technologies are well-suited for distributed uses, generating fuels, electricity, and heat close to where it is consumed and thus reducing transmission and transportation losses.
- put a price on carbon that increases over time
- enact policies that overcome institutional and regulatory barriers and path-dependencies and drive the required revolution
- develop a strategy for phasing out existing, inefficient carbon-emitting capital stock that includes elimination of fossil fuel subsidies.
- synergies between energy efficiency and renewable energy result in more benefits than either of these instruments on their own
- improvements in energy efficiency combined with scale-up of already available renewable technologies may result in large emission reductions and a halfway transition towards a renewable world in the following two decades
- a combination of political will and adequate policies is required for achieving such transformation.
- is climate change a pollution or a development problem?
- how to produce synergies between energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies in developing countries?