Defining response capacity to enhance climate change policy
The paper has the following implications for developing country policy makers:
- policy makers should consider who is responsible for making climate response decisions and when actions should be taken
- the divergence between the parties responsible for adaptation and mitigation poses a problem for policy integration and sustainable climate change responses. As an alternative, the authors consider the two fundamental elements of both adaptation and mitigation, i.e. technological innovation and building social response capacity, and recommend that these actions become the focus of government policy
- dynamic institutional structures, which have the capacity to be reflexive and adapt in response to new information, are more likely to facilitate change and development in a society than inflexible rigid institutions
- alternative integrative approaches to climate change policy include efforts to encourage social change, adopt new technology, and embrace the future changes associated with climate change.
- how can current and future institutions, at both community and government levels, be made more flexible in the face of climate change?
- what are the implications of social arrangements on adaptation and adaptive capacity? How can national climate strategies incorporate measures to address the obstacles they pose?
- how can adaptive management be incorporated into local governance institutions?