This report contains the main findings of research performed on the impact of ICTs in enhancing the livelihoods of the rural poor in South Africa. After a brief introduction to the research team, the research questions, and methodology, the report looks at the background of South Africa in general, focusing on population, economy, economic development indicators and rural ICTs. In particular, the problems that South Africa faces with regard to ICTs in rural areas are highlighted. The report presents the research findings according to the various stakeholders: (i) donors; (ii) national policymakers; (iii) technology providers (iv) civil society organizations (CSOs); (v) the media; and (vi) beneficiaries or end-users. In each case, the report focuses on stakeholders' needs, priorities and roles.