This solutions document, a product of the Regional Policy Dialog (RPD) on Water and Climate Change Adaptation in the Americas (comprised of 21 different agencies), seeks to address the ways in which water management practices must change in order to deal with the prospective impacts of climate change. It highlights topics and innovative approaches in a manner designed to engage people who are not experts on water issues. It examines case studies to show which options may be replicable in other areas and their potential for effective scaling-up. Across five in-depth chapters, the solutions paper covers climate services (infrastructure, information etc), ecosystem services in the adaptive management of water resources, integrated water resource management and water-based adaptation to climate change in urban areas. The final chapter concerns the effective participation of civil society. This includes knowledge sharing, equity and poverty reduction, in the context of preparing for water-based climate change
adaptation. The paper concludes with a view to the future, urging the reader to contribute to, and learn from, the WATERAAA inventory - an online, public resource that documents problems and solutions in a bottom-up process. This repository of experiences will form part of the discussion at the 6th World Water Forum and Rio+20, both held in 2012. RPD commits itself to proactive water-based adaptation measures and their mainstreaming into national development planning. The RPDs policy recommendations include the following:
- Recognise the importance and imminence of climate change impacts on water
- Integrated water resource management should include climate change adaptation as a key strategic element
- Strengthen the environmental dimension of water management as an adaptation measure.
- Explicitly consider equity and poverty in adaptation measures