The impacts of climate variability and change are global concerns, but in Bangladesh, where large parts of the population are vulnerable to a range of natural hazards, they are particularly critical. A continued trend of more frequent and intense droughts, as a result of further climate variability and climate change, is expected to have significant impacts on the agricultural sector (Selvaraju et al., 2006). In the High Barind Tract area a large number of people depend on small‐scale farming. This case study focuses on the process that determined some adaptation strategies and on the description of three adaptation practices tested in the drought‐prone upazilas of Nachole and Shapahar. The selected practices in this case are homestead gardening, fodder cultivation and green manure and composting.