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Published: 2010

Do Pre-natal and Post-natal Economic Shocks Have a Long-lasting Effect on the Height of 5-year-old Children?

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While the Ethiopian national emergency and food security programmes support farmers hit by area-wide shocks such as crop failure, idiosyncratic shocks such as illness and death of household member, loss of assets and separation or divorce are not covered. In the absence of social assistance programmes to support vulnerable households, these idiosyncratic shocks may lead to serious malnutrition among poor children. Using longitudinal data of children collected at the age of 1 and 5 years this study examined the existence of permanent consequences of early childhood malnutrition and recovery of children from their early childhood malnutrition plus the persistent effect of pre-natal and post-natal economic shocks on child health and nutritional achievement. The results confirmed the existence of permanent consequences of early childhood malnutrition and also the potential for the strong recovery of children from their initial early malnutrition.
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Authors

T. Woldehanna

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